1. Know your stroke risk factors.
Some of them can be controlled, so do what you can on the daily basis:

  • Keep your blood pressure down
  • Keep cholesterol levels in check
  • Control diabetes
  • Adopt healthy eating habits and lose weight if you are overweight
  • Exercise
  • Give up cigarettes, if you smoke
  • If you drink alcohol, drink in moderation

 

2. Screen regularly!

1. Ischemic Stroke

This is most common of all types of stroke (accounts for 87%). Ischemic stroke occurs when blood flow to the brain is obstructed by fatty deposits lining the blood vessel (carotid artery located in the neck) walls. As the result, a blood clot forms, blood flow is reduced and brain is deprived of oxygen and gets permanently damaged.

 

2. Hemorrhagic (bleeding)

Sometimes vessels get weakened and can no longer handle the blood flow properly. An area of a vessel balloons up, causing aneurysm. When aneurysm is left undetected and untreated, it eventually ruptures and bleeds into the brain, causing stroke.

 

3. TIA (Transient Ischemic Attack)

This type of stroke is often called a "mini stroke". Mechanics behind TIA and ischemic stroke are similar, the only difference is that in TIA blockage is "transient" (temporary). TIA lasts less than 5 minutes and does not cause permanent damage to the brain. However, it is a warning sign that should be taken very seriously. TIA symptoms are identical to those of stroke.

Fact: Stroke attacks brain, cutting off blood and oxygen supply. Approximately 2 million brain cells die during stroke, which reduces chances of survival and increases risk of permanent brain damage with long-term disability for those who are spared.

 

Fiction: There are already plenty of things to worry about. Stroke is not a top priority!

  1. Age.
    Stroke may happen toanyone, but with age the risk of stroke significantly increases. In fact, after 55 years of ageit doubles and keeps doubling every 10 years after that.
  2. Gender.
    More men have strokes earlier in life, while more women have more strokes after menopause.
  3. Heredity.
    Risk of stroke increases if there is a family history of stroke.
  4. TIA or prior strokes.
    A person who already had a stroke or TIA before is more likely to be afflicted again.